Globally, whale sharks appear in waters of more than 100 countries and are widely distributed, usually between latitudes 30 ° N and 35 ° S in tropical and temperate, in ocean and coastal waters. They congregate in feeding areas and often make long migrations to reach good food areas.
The main points for whale sharks sighting are Mexico, Belize, Japan, Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, Australia, the Galapagos Islands, Honduras, South Africa, Mozambique, Seychelles and India.
The whale shark biggest threats are; habitat loss resulting in the loss of prey species, coastal development resulting in marine pollution, ship strikes, and the disruption or harassment by boats and divers involved in the irresponsible tourism. The greatest threat, however, is the trade in whale shark parts, including their fins which are used in traditional Chinese medicine.
Whale sharks live long lives (estimates say over 70 years), so they mature late and produce offspring until 30 years of age and give birth to relatively few offspring during their life, that is why they are particularly threatened by human exploitation.
On the other hand, to discover the great economic benefit that tourism can offer to swim and look closely at these huge creatures, he has been a major point of conservation.
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